Mujeres Adelante @ AIDS2014 - 7/18/2014

IAS conference newsletter on women’s rights and HIV
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Special ALQ/Mujeres Adelante Edition -- June 2014 - 6/30/2014

Women’s Rights and HIV
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We need to acknowledge them first... - 5/30/2014

Continuing the human rights discourse, the April 2014 Edition of the ALQ explores some of the persistent challenges barring the advancement and protection of human rights for people in all their diversity
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Mujeres Adelante @ ICASA 2013 - 1/22/2014

The conference newsletter on women’s rights and HIV
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If I knew what would happen I would have kept it to myself... - 11/30/2012

Perceptions and experiences of violence against women living with HIV
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Resources

ALQ
2007 Editions
November 2007 - Social Environments
September 2007 - Stigma Mitigation
June 2007 - Access to Information
March 2007 - Sexual and Reproductive Rights
2006 Editions
November 2006 Edition - HIV Prevention
2005 Editions
November 2005 Edition - Sex and Sexuality
2004 Editions
November 2004 Edition - Equality
June 2004 - International Guidelines on HIV/AIDS and Human Rights
Earlier Editions
NSP Publications
A Responsibility Of All - The NSP and HIV Prevention
Mitigating The Impact - The NSP and HIV Treatment, Care & Support
Creating A Social Environment - The NSP and Human Rights
Resource and Training Manuals
Gender Violence & HIV and AIDS
HIV/AIDS & Human Rights
HIV/AIDS and the Law
HIV/AIDS and the Law Trainer’s Manual
Pamphlets and Information Leaflets
Learners are Positive
International Guidelines on HIV/AIDS and Human Rights
Guideline Summit Report

ALQ
The ALQ, the newsletter of the AIDS Legal Network, is an issue-based publication published twice a year.

The ALQ examines and critically assesses various challenges in the context of HIV and AIDS realities, intends to be a source of information and different viewpoints, and seeks to elicit responses, debates and discussions on human rights issues pertaining to HIV and AIDS realities. To ensure a wide range of perspectives and opinions, the ALQ includes contributions from various sources, including civil society, activists, the judiciary, academia and community members

For more information and/or to contribute to the ALQ, please contact the Editor.

November 2007 - Social Environments

This edition of the ALQ is focusing on the social environment and its impact on women’s risks and vulnerabilities to both HIV and violence and abuse. The various articles in this edition examine different aspects of women’s social environment, and raise the question as to whether or not these environments are in fact conducive for women to claim their rights, and thus to claim their right to access and benefit from available HIV prevention, testing, treatment, care and support services. The gendered societal context perpetuating women’s lack of social recognition; masculine norms and identities furthering the ‘culture of violence’; social norms and values heightening women’s risk to gender violence and HIV; gender discrimination within the ‘world of sports’; as well as potential risks associated with male circumcision are some of the issues explored in this edition.

This issue also provides information on a recent study on intimate partner abuse and HIV; introduces challenges of HIV-related stigma in KwaMakhuta, KwaZulu Natal, as well as rights-based responses to HIV and AIDS in Zambia, and is ‘making a point’ on farm workers’ risks and vulnerabilities to HIV. Read more

To obtain a copy, please contact the ALN office.

September 2007 - Stigma Mitigation

This edition of the ALQ is focusing on stigma mitigating efforts, and exploring experiences and challenges of a wide range of ‘anti-stigma’ strategies, programmes and interventions. The need for not only an integrated approach, but an ‘evolving and shifting’ approach to ‘anti-stigma’ work; a rights-based workshop approach challenging the stigma ‘within us’ and ‘around us’; a ‘zero tolerance’ approach in rural Limpopo; as well as strategies for free, informed and confidential HIV testing are some of the issues discussed in this edition.

This issue is also introducing experiences and challenges from a project in Lethabong, North West, aimed at enhancing rural communities’ access to information; examining HIV-related stigma and discrimination in healthcare facilities in Nigeria; and ‘making a point’ about HIV-related law and policy reform in the SADC region.  Read more

To obtain a copy, please contact the ALN office.

June 2007 Edition - Access to Information

It is within this context that this issue of the ALQ focuses on access to information and the extent to which the available information and messaging facilitates informed decision-making in the context of HIV and AIDS.

The various articles in this edition examine a range of information sources, as they relate to HIV and AIDS realities and impact on people’s choices.

The impact of the information disseminated through HIV awareness and prevention mass media campaigns; the extent to which cultural information influences people’s choices in the context of HIV and AIDS, religion impacts on HIV-related stigma, and sex and HIV information and education at schools facilitate informed decision-making; and language as an area informing sexual and reproductive choices; as well as legislative provisions promoting the right of access to information are some of the issues discussed in this edition. This issue continues with the integral features of the ALQ, introducing experiences and challenges from a project in Hillcrest, Kwa-Zulu Natal, aimed at behavioural change through providing access to sex and HIV information to learners, as well as from Yabonga, a project in the Western Cape, inspiring women living with HIV; ‘making a point’ about the need for public involvement in legislative processes; and ‘commenting’ on the dire need for community home-based care services to be recognised and protected.  Read more

To obtain a copy, please contact the ALN office.

March 2007 - Sexual and Reproductive Rights

This edition of the ALQ focuses on sexual and reproductive health rights in the context of HIV and AIDS

The various articles in this issue examine a range of sexual and reproductive health rights and needs as they relate to HIV and AIDS realities and challenges.

The societal context in which especially women living with HIV and AIDS make choices about sexual and reproductive health and rights; the intersecting health and human rights crises of HIV and AIDS and gender violence; the inseparable link between sexual and reproductive health and HIV and AIDS; as well as human rights instruments as a potential tool to claim sexual and reproductive rights are some of the issues explored in this edition. This issue is also introducing experiences and challenges from Rwanda; ‘making a point’ about the ‘fear factor’ deterring men from accessing HIV testing services; and providing women’s sector comments on the National Strategic Plan for HIV and AIDS.  Read more

To obtain a copy, please contact the ALN office.

November 2006 Edition – HIV Prevention

It is within the context of acknowledging the inadequacy of existing HIV prevention strategies, and recognising the need for effective HIV prevention strategies that this issue of the ALQ explores a variety of HIV prevention realities and challenges.

The various articles in this edition examine a range of challenges to HIV prevention, as well as various realities in which HIV prevention occurs. Barriers to HIV prevention, such as stigma, culture, values and norms, the societal context, including the ‘unsafe’ environment for HIV prevention and disclosure; the failure of HIV prevention strategies to cater for the needs of lesbian and gay people, ‘the elderly’, and people living with HIV; as well as the power of language are some of the issues explored in this issue.

The integral features included in this edition of the ALQ look at HIV prevention challenges in Kabokweni, Mpumalanga; introduce various behavioural change communication strategies employed in the SADC region; and ‘make a point’ about fertility desires of people living with HIV. This issue also includes a ‘feedback’ on HIV prevention challenges, debates and insights from the provinces.  Read more

To obtain a copy, please contact the ALN office.

September 2006 Edition – HIV Testing

It is within this context of ‘scaling-up HIV testing’ and the emerging trend to change HIV testing models that this edition of the ALQ focuses on HIV testing.

The various articles in this issue analyse different HIV testing models and approaches from a human rights perspective, and examine the extent to which the global call to scale up HIV testing, through the model of ‘provider-initiated opt-out routine testing’, creates an environment in which the fundamental human right to make an informed choice whether or not to test for HIV can be upheld, respected and protected.

The implications of the move towards ‘opt-out routine HIV testing’ and its impact on human rights principles of informed consent, confidentiality and non-discrimination; concern about changing HIV testing strategies; arguments for and against voluntary, mandatory and routine HIV testing; human rights issues emerging after the introduction of the ‘opt-out routine HIV testing’ programme in Botswana; as well as the theory of HIV testing as a preventative measure are some of the issues explored in this edition.

This issue is also introducing experiences of HIV testing policy and reality in Nigeria; ‘making a point’ about prisoners’ access to ARVs, and providing comments on the criminalisation of HIV transmission, on HIV testing and rights of women living with HIV and AIDS, as well as on the need to scale up VCT.  Read more

To obtain a copy, please contact the ALN office.

June 2006 Edition – Core Beliefs and Underlying Factors

The June edition of the ALQ focuses on core beliefs and underlying factors fuelling the HIV pandemic.

The various articles in this issue examine a broad range of realities as to the extent to which various core beliefs and/or underlying factors not only fuel the HIV and AIDS pandemic, but also impact on the effectiveness of HIV prevention, treatment, care and support initiatives and programmes. The impact of various gendered realities on the pandemic, the link between sexual violence and HIV, the pandemic in the context of violence, the involvement of men in responses to HIV, the ‘region specific’ underlying factors of the pandemic, perceptions of gender and gender violence amongst adolescent boys, as well as the right to be different, the right to make reproductive choices and the ‘excuses’ for the violation of rights are some of the issues explored in this edition.

The integral features of the ALQ introduce experiences with core beliefs from an NGO in Mpumalanga, and experiences from a VCT study site in rural Tanzania. This issue is also ‘making a point’ about workplace approaches to HIV and AIDS.  Read more

To obtain a copy, please contact the ALN office.

March 2006 Edition – Social Economic Rights

The March 2006 edition of the ALQ focuses on the access to socio-economic rights due to, and in the context of, HIV and AIDS. The various articles in this issue examine the extent to which various socio-economic rights are accessible and realisable, and, thus, provide access to ‘the basic necessities of life’ for the ones most vulnerable and marginalised, and for people living with, and affected by, HIV and AIDS. The meaning and concept of socio-economic rights, the judicial enforcement of socio-economic rights, and the interrelation of socio-economic rights and civil and political rights, as well as refugee’s exclusion from accessing social assistance, poor people’s access to healthcare, the dilemma of ‘choice’ between ARV and social assistance, and prisoners’ lack of access to treatment are some of the issues explored in this edition.

This issue also includes a discussion of the challenges of home-based care volunteers, as well as an introduction to ‘Khabzela’, and the integral features of the ALQ introduce HIV and AIDS realities and challenges from Malawi, and the experiences of Nkomazi, a rural community east of Nelspruit, Mpumalanga, trying to respond to the realities and challenges of the pandemic.  Read more

To obtain a copy, please contact the ALN office.

November 2005 Edition – Sex and Sexuality

The toll on women and girls...presents Africa and the world with a practical and moral challenge, which places gender at the centre of the human condition.The practice of ignoring gender analysis has turned out to be lethal. (Stephen Lewis, 2002)

It is the very ‘toll on women and girls’ that seems to be the persistent challenge in addressing and responding to HIV and AIDS realities. Infection rates remain to be on the rise, prevention messages seem to bypass the ones it is meant to ‘protect’, stigma and discrimination experienced by people living with, and affected by, HIV and AIDS prevail, instead of subside – and it is women and girl children who remain, and are increasingly, the ones who are disproportional impacted and affected by the pandemic.  Read more

To obtain a copy, please contact the ALN office.

June 2005 Edition – Stigma and Discrimination
This edition of the ALQ focuses on stigma and discrimination based on, and in the context of, HIV and AIDS.

The various articles in this issue examine the meaning, causes and understanding of stigma and discrimination, as well as the various realities of stigma and discrimination as experienced by people living with HIV and AIDS, by young people, by lesbian and gay people, as well as by prisoners. This edition also introduces two new integral features to the ALQ, namely a ‘regional view’ and a ‘provincial view’. The former introduces HIV and AIDS realities and challenges of Namibia and the latter explores some of the experiences and challenges unique to the Limpopo province.  Read more

To obtain a copy, please contact the ALN office.

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November 2004 Edition – Equality
This edition of the ALQ focuses specifically on fundamental principles of human dignity, equality and freedom in order to determine the progress in translating these principles into our lived realities.The various articles in this issue examine the theory, meaning and understanding of equality and human dignity as to their impact on South African realities, such as prevailing gender, race and class-based inequalities and imbalances, prejudices leading to hate crimes against black lesbians, as well as issues of HIV and AIDS reporting in the media, and the impact of women’s autonomy on gender-based violence and HIV. This issue of the ALQ also included an opinion on the extent to which government fulfils its constitutional obligation to provide to health care. In addition, the ‘equality’ issue also included feedback and responses to the ALN campaign and its slogan.  Read more

To obtain a copy, please contact the ALN office.

June 2004 Edition – International Guidelines on HIV/AIDS and Human Rights
This edition of the ALQ focuses on the International Guidelines on HIV/AIDS and Human Rights and the extent to which the Guidelines can be used as an advocacy tool to ensure a more effective human rights response to HIV and AIDS.

The various articles in this edition examine the Guidelines as to their impact on South Africa’s response to HIV and AIDS and explore the applicability and implementation of the principles in the Guidelines as they relate to draft legislation proposing the criminalisation of non-disclosure of one’s HIV status, to women’s realities and HIV, as well as to the sex industry and challenges sex workers are faced with. This edition of the ALQ also includes an opinion on the correlation between gender-based violence and HIV and AIDS.  Read more

To obtain a copy, please contact the ALN office.

Earlier Editions
2002 – International Guidelines on HIV/AIDS and Human Rights: How South Africa Stacks Up
June 2002 – Access to Treatment
September 2001 – Treatment Literacy: A Focus on Prevention & Treatments
December 2000 – Human Rights & Ethical Aspects of HIV Vaccine Trials
September 2000 – Breaking the Silence: Law, Human Rights & AIDS 2000
June 2000 – HIV/AIDS: Using Law to Reduce Women’s Vulnerability
Feb 2000 – A Call to End the Vertical Transmission of HIV

To obtain a copy, please contact the ALN office.

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NSP Publications

A Responsibility Of All - The NSP and HIV Prevention

The HIV & AIDS and STI Strategic Plan for South Africa 2007 - 2011 (NSP) has been adopted by Parliament, and launched as the national strategy to respond to the HIV and AIDS pandemics in South Africa, at the end of April 2007. According to the Deputy President and Chairperson of SANAC, Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka:

...this NSP represents a broad consensus position with a detailed outline of national interventions and targets. Lead agencies have been identified that should take responsibility for the execution of, and the attainmentof, the different elements of the Plan. It is a document that seeks to guide the national response and should be used by all govenrment departments, the private sector, civil society and development partners to assist the country to reach the desired goals of halving new infections and reducing the impact of HIV and AIDS on individuals, families and society...

The new strategic plan guiding the national response to HIV and AIDS for the next five years has t, undoubtedly, be applauded for its vision and commitment in that it not only acknowledges the nature of HIV and AIDS realities in South Africa, but also identifies key interventions and targets, including lead agencies, to respond to the HIV and AIDS pandemics. Moreover, this strategic plan recognises the need for everyone's involvement in the implemetation process of hte NSP, so as to rech the desired goals of the NSP.

It is within the context of acknowledging the importance of everyone's involvement and participation in reaching the desired goals of the NSP, that this publication is purposed to enhance access for 'everyone' participating in the implementation process of the numerous NSP interventions, programmes and targets identified. This is based on the principled understanding that the 'success' if the NSP is as much defined by governments commitment, as it is defined by 'everyone's' participation in the process of implementing the national reponse to HIV and AIDS.

The aim of this publication is to provide an 'advocacy tool', designed and written with civil society stakeholders in mind, enhancing access to the NSP identified interventions, programmes and targets, and thus, facilitating the participation of civil society stakeholders in the implementation of the NSP. This publication also aims to offer a useful human rights-based resource for the trainers, facilitators and activists dedicated to facilitating broad involvement and participating in achieving the 'ambitious' goals for the NSP.

This is one of four 'advocacy tools', developed and produced by the AIDS Legal Network (ALN), providing information on the NSP identified interventions, programmes and targets, as wel as thoughts/comments on the interpretation and implication for achieving the NSP goals - focussing on HIV prevention, Priority Area One of the National Strategic Plan.

Part One of this publication provides a broad analytical overview of the national response to HIV and AIDS, including its situational analysis and identified 'populations at risk', as well as an outline of the contextual and analytical framework in which the NSP is situated. HIV prevention, as the first priority area of the NSP, is introduced in Part Two, including both an analysis of the NSP identified framework of HIV prevention realities and challenges. Part Three introduces HIV prevention interventions, prgrammes and initiatives, including targets and 'lead gaencies'; provides a critical analysis of selected key interventions; and explores potential mechanisms and strategies aimed to further the timely and adequate implementation of the NSP. 

To obtain a copy, please contact the ALN office.

Mitigating The Impact - The NSP and HIV Treatment, Care & Support

coming soon...

To obtain a copy, please contact the ALN office.

Creating A Social Environment - The NSP and Human Rights

coming soon...

To obtain a copy, please contact the ALN office.

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Resource and Training Manuals

HIV/AIDS & Human Rights
The training manual HIV/AIDS and Human Rights: Towards a supportive and enabling environment for women, children and other vulnerable groups has been developed, prepared and published by the AIDS Legal Network in 2005. The training manual, conceptualised and compiled by Lene Øverland and Johanna Kehler, focuses specifically on Guideline 8 of the International Guidelines on HIV/AIDS and Human Rights. The manual is prepared for a facilitation approach based on interaction, participation, information sharing and skills development and targets trainers within civil society.  Read more

To obtain a copy, please contact the ALN office.

HIV/AIDS and the Law
For more information and/or to obtain a copy,please contact the ALN office.

HIV/AIDS and the Law Trainer's Manual

Gender Violence & HIV and AIDS

prevailing discriminatory attitudes and beliefs create a situation in which women are at greater risk of violence and HIV infection…

Looking at a holistic approach in response to the links between gender violence and HIV and AIDS, the AIDS Legal Network (ALN) and the KZN Network on Violence Against Women combined knowledge and resources to develop, write and publish a resource and training manual on Gender Violence and HIV & AIDS.

A potpourri of concepts and realities of gender, gender violence and HIV, a gendered look at prevention, treatment, support and care (of both violence and HIV and AIDS); ‘spiced up’ with relevant legislation (including fundamental rights and freedoms) – this is what trainers and ‘wannabee trainers’, can look forward to in this resource and training manual.  Read more

To obtain a copy, please contact the ALN office.

Pamphlets and Information Leaflets
The AIDS Legal Network developed a range of information leaflets pertaining to legal and ethical issues in the context of HIV and AIDS.

Learners are Positive
Learners are Positive is a compilation of interesting, inspiring and thought provoking stories, experiences, views and opinions written by 142 learners from 20 Secondary Schools from 8 provinces in South Africa.

Learners are Positive is a compilation of interesting, inspiring and thought provoking stories, experiences, views and opinions written by 142 learners from 20 Secondary Schools from 8 provinces in South Africa.

To obtain a copy, please contact the ALN office.

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International Guidelines on HIV/AIDS and Human Rights
The International Guidelines, drafted in 1996, include 12 human rights principles as a response to HIV and AIDS and incorporate practical measures which states can take to achieve the principles outlined in the International Guidelines.

The International Guidelines are based on 3 broad and interlinked approaches to HIV and AIDS:

  • Government responsibility for multi-sectoral coordination and accountability
  • Reform of laws and legal support services focusing on women, children and marginalised groups
  • Participation of civil society

An NGO Summary of the International Guidelines on HIV/AIDS and Human Rights is also available.

To obtain a copy, please contact the ALN office or download from www.icaso.org

Guideline Summit Report
This report contains a summary of the 2 day summit on the International Guidelines on HIV/AIDS and Human Rights hosted and organised by the ALN in March 2005 in Cape Town. The report includes various presentations, a summary of the group discussions and information on the way forward.

To obtain a copy, please contact the ALN office or download from www.icaso.org

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